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***PLEASE RESPOND TO THE 2 DISCUSSION RESPONSES SEPARATELY***
***REFERENCES TO BE NO OLDER THAN 5 YEARS***
1. South Carolina Nurse Association policy priorities are fashioned through clinical experience and informed from evidence, by actively partnering with stakeholders in insisting and facilitating for legislative change (SCNA,n.d). House representative Clary introduced the amended bill to office; which led to passing House and Senate between January – March 2019. In May 24, 2019, the South Carolina legislative conceded Bill 3821, an amendment enacting “The Advance Practice Nurses Act’ section 40-33-34 ([ CITATION Sou192 l 1033 ] modifying medical related acts for nurse practitioners. Early that year, the South Carolina Nurse Association lobbied state legislative for revision to the scope of practice; in an effort to move towards more autonomy for advance practice nurses. The enacted bill includes certifying the manner of death, executing do not resuscitate orders except certain circumstances, and prescriiptive authority in Schedule I narcotics for patients residing in long-term care settings. Modifications to the medial acts and privileges are positively building the integrity of autonomy and expanding quality of care, access to health care, reduction of cost, and improving provider network. South Carolina Nurse Association effortlessly strives to support and advocate improvements beyond the restrictive limitations of the scope of practice for advance practice nurses in South Carolina (SCNA, n.d). South Carolina Nurse Association, is one the most leading and influential stakeholders in policy change for professions in nursing in the state of South Carolina. Although, the success of bill 3821, is contributed to the support of the SCNA, there are still countless challenges and barriers in the profession of nursing SCNA are facing.
South Carolina Gerneral Assembly . (2019, June 26). Retrieved from https://www.scstatehouse.gov/sess123_2019-2020/bills/3821.htm
South Carolina Nurse Association. (n.d). Retreived from: https://www.scnurses.org/page/AboutSCNA
2. Nursing educational institutions must do more to close the gap between graduating minority nurses and strive to create and graduate a more diverse workforce. “Today’s health professional workforce does not reflect equity in all racial and ethnic groups” (Valentine, Wynn, & McLean, 2016, p. 137). A lack of diversity in any workforce limits the capabilities, containing it within a single ethnic lens and a particular set of values. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) is a nursing organization that seeks to develop public support for advanced nursing education, research, and nursing practice. To improve and create a diverse workforce that better represents, and to close the diversity loophole, the AACN, in collaboration with leading foundations and stakeholders, took steps to improve diversity in the nursing workforce, nursing education, and faculty. The goal was to improve diversity in the nursing faculty and workforce, by creating opportunities to improve minorities in nursing education and long with graduating more minority nurses. The AANC lobbies for funding and collaborates with different bodies and organizations to move its agenda. The AACN and the Johnson & Johnson Campaign for Nursing’s Future launched the Minority Nurse Faculty Scholars Program in 2007 that used strategies like mentorship and leadership development components to assure successful completion of graduate studies in preparation for a faculty role. Collaborating with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), the AACN launched a program that expanded the pipeline of students from minority backgrounds to accelerated nursing programs through scholarships and funding by giving preference to students from groups underrepresented in nursing or from disadvantaged backgrounds. The AANC also collaborated with the RWJF to create a Doctoral nursing project to enhance the number of minority nurses completing Ph.D. and DNP degrees. Recently as in 2018 the AANC created the Diversity, Equity, and Inclusionary Group that works with different schools to explore innovative approaches to enhancing diversity, equity, and inclusion in academic nursing faculty and the nursing workforce. The proportion of nurses from racial and ethnic minority groups has increased in the last two decades, from less than 15% in 1995 to more than 20% in recent years. Though the AANC and other organizations have improved and reduced the diversity loophole, more work needs to be done to ensure that the U.S. nursing workforce and faculty reflect the rich and growing diversity of the U.S. population.
Valentine, P., Wynn, J., & McLean, D. (2016). Improving diversity in the health professions. North Carolina medical journal, 77(2), 137-140.